Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Throughout history, there has always been a gender inequality separating the roles and power of men from women. Most societies were patriarchal, emphasizing male dominance in society and directing women towards a more idle role so that they were more ornamental than influential. Through this gender division, women would take on the less powerful role as a nurturing mother, or caring wife over and over again in several ancient societies up to modern day societies. In Gilgamesh, male characters are emphasized much more than female characters, however, the female characters are crucial in the epic as they help to drive the plot forward through their actions. Despite the constant presence of gender roles throughout history, the women ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When it snorted a third time, the earth cracked open and Enkidu fell in, up to his waist, he jumped out and grabbed the BullÃ¢â¬â¢s horns, it spat its slobber into his face, it lifted its tail and spewed dung all over himÃ¢ â¬ (Mitchell 137). The mass destruction caused by Ishtar demonstrates that her power is greater than the warriorsÃ¢â¬â¢ and equal or greater than that of one of the strongest men of the story. Using the Bull of Heaven, Ishtar nearly defeats Enkidu, who is the equal of Gilgamesh, both described as large and strong men, a phallic symbol of power. Although Ishtar does not kill Gilgamesh with the Bull of Heaven, Enkidu is spat on and covered in dung, which is very humiliating, and as GilgameshÃ¢â¬â¢s equal, this action is equivalent to humiliating Gilgamesh. For a woman to humiliate the greatest phallic symbols in the epic demonstrates that the women of Ã¢â¬Å"GilgameshÃ¢â¬ are not the weaker gender. Not only is IshtarÃ¢â¬â¢s revenge a display of her power, but it also demonstrates the diverse role of women in the epic, as she does not act as a stereotypical caring wife or mother. Ishtar acts as a mighty adversary to Gilgamesh, directing Gilgamesh to his quest as the death of the Bull of Heaven prompts the gods towards deciding EnkiduÃ¢â¬â¢s death; this death results in GilgameshÃ¢â¬â¢s quest for eternal life. Since the death of Enkidu is what causes Gilgamesh to go on his quest for immortality, Ishtar is the catalyst that causes the quest to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Slave Ship was written by Marcus Rediker and it tells several accounts of the African slave trade as well as the world of the middle passage. The author discusses the nature of the slave ship and the African paths to the middle passage. Rediker also mentions the lives of historical figures (Olaudah Equiano, James Field Stanfield, and John Newton) and the roles that they had during the Atlantic slave trade. For the African captives, the sailors, and captains, the slave ship was seen as a wooden, floating, traveling dungeon and a place of terror and survival, which are also the overall main themes of the book. In the book, Rediker states Ã¢â¬Å"A captain, a sailor, an African captiveÃ¢â¬ ¦found in the slave shipÃ¢â¬ ¦a strange and potent combination ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Once the slave ship reached its destination, it would become a factory that would trade and sell living cargo. Therefore, the slave ship was a war machine, a mobile prison, and a factory. The theme of terror reoccurs throughout RedikerÃ¢â¬â¢s book. The slave ship was a symbol of terror to the Africans that were kidnapped and sold into slavery. For example, Chapter 4 of The Slave Ship discusses the life of Olaudah Equiano. Equiano was filled Ã¢â¬Å"with astonishment which was soon converted into terrorÃ¢â¬ (Rediker 108) when he was first laid eyes on the ship where he would spend the next few weeks of his life. These emotions that Equiano experience when he first laid eyes on the slave ship may have been the same emotions that many of the other African captives felt when first saw the slave ship. James Field Stanfield even witnessed the terror that was caused when captives were boarding the slave ship. Both Equiano and Stanfield wrote about the astonishment turned into terror when reaching the slave ship. Africans also viewed the slave ship as a bringer terror in the form of war. Wars in Africa Ã¢â¬Å"often commenced when a slave ship appeared on the coastÃ¢â¬ (Rediker 98). The slave ship would provide the local African traders the tools (weapons) that they needed to bring them their captives. These wars that broke out created terror in Africa and were seen as a Ã¢â¬Å"euphemism for the organized theft of human beingsÃ¢â¬ (Rediker 99), which were ultimately caused byShow MoreRelatedÃ¢â¬Å"The Slave Ship: A Human HistoryÃ¢â¬ Written By Marcus Rediker1903 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Slave Ship: A Human HistoryÃ¢â¬ written by Marcus Rediker describes the horrifying experiences of Africans, and captains, and ship crewmen on their journey through the Middle Passage, the water way in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and the Americas. The use of slaves to cultivate crops in the Caribbean and America offered a great economy for the European countries by providing Ã¢â¬Å"freeÃ¢â¬ labor and provided immense wealth for the Europeans. Rediker describes the slave migration by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"ThereRead MoreEssay on Slave Ship1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Slave Ship by Marcus Rediker is a great fiction novel that describes the horrifying experiences of Africans, seamen, and captains on their journey through the Middle Passage. The Middle Passage marked the water way in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and the Americas. The use of slaves provided a great economy for the European countries due to the fact that these African slaves provided free labor while cultivating sugar cane in the Caribbean and America. Rediker describes the slave migrationRead MoreVillains of All Nations1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Villains of All Nations is book written by Marcus Rediker that follows the origins of the pirate boom before and after the War of Spanish Succession. The book covers infamous pirates like Bartholomew Roberts, William Fly, and Edward Teach also known as Blackbeard.It discusses the grim environment of working the seas for the government, what lead many people to turn to piracy, the tale of the first women pirat es Anne Bonny and Mary Read, how piracy impacted slavery, the pirates bonds of brotherhoodRead MoreA Motley Crew in American Revolution 1 Essay713 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA Motley Crew in the American Revolution Ã¢â¬â Vectors of Revolution In the chapter Ã¢â¬Å"A Motley Crew in the American RevolutionÃ¢â¬ authors Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker imply that sailor, slave and labor revolts set the stage for the American Revolution. Throughout this chapter of the book Ã¢â¬Å"The Many-Headed HydraÃ¢â¬ the authors listed and cited historical facts to support their claim that a Ã¢â¬ Motley CrewÃ¢â¬ (multiethnic, multiracial and organized group of people with a common goal) not just inspiredRead MoreThe Effects Of European Colonization2048 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagescould be considered a success. However, if we were to look at the ways in which slaves were brought to the new world, and the treatment of the of them; one could say that European colonization is not worthy of admiration. This, combined with events in the history of the Caribbean that challenged the power of the Europeans, questions the level to which we should call them great. Based on a reimagined look at piracy, the slave trade, plantation life and th e Haitian revolution, the European conquest ofRead MoreTimothy Brook s Vermeer s Hat1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshowever, who were forced to migrate and serve as laborers to ensure cash crops grown in the New World reached European markets. Marcus RedikerÃ¢â¬â¢s Slave Ship describes in graphic detail how the Trans-Atlantic slave trade operated. Whereas Brook examines the bigger picture of how capitalism spread goods across the globe and brought different peoples together materially, Rediker analyzes the details: how the inherent hierarchy of the system affected the individuals. Thus, RedikerÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that capitalismRead MoreSouthern Slaves vs Northern Laborers1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthan the slaves of the southÃ¢â¬ . The free-laborers were not forced to America in ships, stripped of their culture, their language, and their freedom. The free-laborers were not enslaved. I do not agree with the shoemakerÃ¢â¬â¢s statement, but rather believe the Southern slaves were trea ted worse than Northern laborers. It may have been true that laborers in the North had harsh working conditions, but they did however, have their freedom. The laborers were not treated as if they were property. Slaves wereRead MoreThe Extreme Cruelty of the Middle Passage Essay1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis called the Middle Passage or the Ã¢â¬Å"middle legÃ¢â¬ of the Triangular Trade, which was the forceful voyage of African Americans from Africa to the New World. The Africans were taken from their homeland, boarded onto the dreadful ships, and scattered into the New World as slaves. 10- 16 million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic during the 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s to the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s and 10- 15 percent of them died during the voyage. Millions of men, women, and children left behind their personal possessions and lovedRead MoreChildren, Black, And Free, By Margaret Walker1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswere shipped from Africa to America, the New World, which is referred to as the A tlantic Slave Trade. North America, Brazil, Spain, England, Portugal, France, and other countries took part in the Atlantic Slave Trade. In the early sixteenth century, the voyage lasted several months, but by the nineteenth century, the voyage was six weeks or less (The Slave Ship). Because of the small compartments on the ship, and the lack of space to move around, all types of diseases spread. Smallpox, syphilis,Read MoreSlaverys Global Impact and Economic Justifications, Yesterday and Today2490 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagescivilizations, slave labor built nations and empires in Europe, Egypt, Greece, Asia and Africa. Thousands of years later, the Portuguese, Dutch and English realized the profit value that a market in human capital would provide. Africans were exported from their homeland to the New World under the most miserable conditions imaginable. Prof. Marcus Rediker, author of The Slave Ship, A Human History says, Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re fascinated by all the tall ships except th e most important one, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the slave ship. And
Question: Discuss about thePortfolio for Journal of Undergraduate Student Research. Answer: Branch, C. (2015). 3D Printing In Healthcare.The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research,16(1), 1-4. In the journal, the implication of 3D printing technology has been discussed with respect to healthcare. The author has evaluated the working process of 3D printing technology, the applications of the technology in the present as well as future and the limitations that the technology has. The article also discusses the 3d printing concepts and how the technology can be utilized to replace the CT scan technology (which is used in health care services). The article emphasizes the advantage of using 3D printing technology in replacing the scanning technologies that are used currently in healthcare systems. The article evaluates the limitations of the mentioned technology and how it cannot be used to scan at cellular levels. The current medical applications of the 3D printing technology has been discussed in the discussion section of the article such as prosthetics, polymers and artificial jaw bones. The author also discusses how the 3D printing technology can be used in the future such as stem cell research and advanced vasectomy. The journal concludes by stating the bright future that 3D printing technology has and how the technology has the power to change the landscape of the healthcare services in the coming years. Inspite of the advantages proposed by the technology, the author should have demonstrated the working process of the 3D printing technology. The article has failed to demonstrate a conclusive approach to the future applications of the technology. Moreover, the authors should have mentioned the technical aspects of the technology and how the users of the technology will react to the technology being used on them. Kianian, B., Tavassoli, S., Larsson, T.C. and Diegel, O., 2016. The Adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technology in Sweden.Procedia CIRP,40, pp.7-12. The authors have mentioned the use of additive manufacturing in this journal article with respect to Sweden. The article discusses the sample dataset of different users in this journal article. A survey has been provided in the article where a quantitative research has been taken to check the usage of technology among various users. Moreover, the article also discusses the different types of rapid prototyping and production. A total of 70 users has been taken where 55 users belong from institutes such as Swedish companies and research institutes. The extra 15 users has been taken from other fields excluding the mentioned institutes. The article states a final analysis which shows that the technology is used in small organizations mostly (around 58%) and the rest 42% are used in medium as well as large industries. The article evaluates the latest applications of 3D printing technology such as rapid prototyping. The authors have also emphasized on the different usage of the technology among different users in the country. The future applications of the mentioned technology has been evaluated in brief besides the present applications of additive manufacturing. The implications of the technology on the prospective users have been determined as well in the journal article by the authors. The article fails to determine the influence of additive manufacturing in workplaces beside the mentioned institutes. The article also fails to provide a conclusive result of the survey as the number of users were very limited. At least, 100 users should have been included in the survey for a better understanding of the context. Bibliography Branch, C. (2015). 3D Printing In Healthcare.The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research,16(1), 1-4. Kianian, B., Tavassoli, S., Larsson, T.C. and Diegel, O., 2016. The Adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technology in Sweden.Procedia CIRP,40, pp.7-12.